New Screening Technique Makes Waves in The Quest for Earlier Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease

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How could the study of patients under anesthesia lead to a new way to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease? It could all come down to brainwaves.

Patrick Purdon, PhD, a researcher with the Massachusetts General Hospital Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, is investigating how changes in brainwave patterns could potentially detect early signs of Alzheimer’s disease.

For the past decade, Purdon and his colleagues have been using electroencephalogram, called EEG, to measure the brainwaves of patients under sedation. That research has demonstrated that different anesthetic drugs produce distinct brainwave patterns in patients.  After finding these brainwave patterns in elderly patients under anesthesia were slower and smaller than those of younger adult patients, Purdon and colleagues examined the areas that were affected by age and discovered they align with brain areas that typically undergo degeneration in Alzheimer’s.

This led to an intriguing possibility—could EEG measurements be used as a diagnostic tool for Alzheimer’s disease?

With a grant from the NIH, Purdon is now studying the brainwave patterns of early Alzheimer’s patients, and monitoring how those brainwaves change over the progression of the disease.  Purdon and his team hope to determine whether EEG can provide a clearer picture of the process of neurodegeneration and changes in brain function.

If they’re successful, EEG could be used as an inexpensive alternative for screening of neurodegenerative problems, potentially leading to earlier diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, where treatments could be more effective at slowing or halting its progression. Brainwave measurements could also provide a more accurate measure of the disease’s progression over time.

Read the full story in Proto Magazine here.

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